Chiropractor’s Review of the Research on Better Balance to Prevent Injury and Pain

McKinney Chiropractors Best Practices

Prevent Injury and Pain with Better Balance

A review of:

Araujo CG, de Souza e Silva CG, Laukkanen JA, et al, Successful 10-second one-legged stance performance predicts survival in middle-aged and older individuals. British Journal of Sports Medicine

Reviewed by Dr. John Wertish

Prevent Injury and Pain

Summarized Review of Conclusions

The study was observational and found only an association between balance ability and early death. Researchers evaluated the health status and balance test results of 1,700 people that their ages ranged from 51 to 75, then followed them for seven years. During the study, 123 participants died of various causes. After taking participants’ health history, scientists determined that failing the balance test was associated with an 84% higher risk of dying within the study period, compared with passing the balance test. They found that if patients were unable to stand for 10 seconds on one leg, they increased their chance of premature death.

 

Quotes from the article

“Balance quickly diminishes after the mid-50s increasing the risk for falls and other adverse health outcomes.”

“Adding 10-s OLS to a model containing established risk factors was associated with significantly improved mortality risk prediction as measured by differences in -2 log likelihood and integrated discrimination improvement.”

Introduction to the Research

Balance tests have always been associated with injury in the older population. A common injury is to fall and break the femur. This can lead to health complications and premature death. Sports training looks at improving this skill because of injury prevention and stability of joints. A significant input can come from proprioception of the joint which allows us to determine our body position in space. For proprioception to work it is essential our nerves from our joint are moving correctly and communicating back to the brain to fire muscles to stabilize the isolated joint. This is important for the neuromuscular and skeletal system to function correctly.

Research Methodology

This study was an observational study. Anthropometric, clinical and vital status and 10-s OLS data were assessed in 1702 individuals (68% men) aged 51-75 years between 2008 and 2020. Log-rank and Cox modelling were used to compare survival curves and risk of death according to ability (YES) or inability (NO) to complete the 10-s OLS test.

 

Research findings

Within the limitations of uncontrolled variables such as recent history of falls and physical activity, the ability to successfully complete the 10-s OLS is independently associated with all-cause mortality and adds relevant prognostic information beyond age, sex and several other anthropometric and clinical variables. There is potential benefit to including the 10-s OLS as part of routine physical examination in middle-aged and older adults.

 

Research References

Araujo CG, de Souza E Silva CG, Laukkanen JA, Fiatarone Singh M, Kunutsor SK, Myers J, Franca JF, Castro CL. Successful 10-second one-legged stance performance predicts survival in middle-aged and older individuals. Br J Sports Med. 2022 Sep;56(17):975-980. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2021-105360. Epub 2022 Jun 21. PMID: 35728834.

 

Our Message

When you are looking for a Chiropractor near you that you can trust, choose one who will not only get rid of your back pain, neck pain, or headaches but who will also guide you to living a healthier lifestyle to keep you out of pain. Our McKinney Chiropractors, located  near the corner of Eldorado Pkwy. and Stonebridge Dr., will teach you what the research says about how and why we should eat a better diet, move more and have more positive thoughts. By improving these areas of our lives we can become healthier and prevent injury and pain!